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Entry from December 30, 2007
Six Shooter Junction

A “six-shooter” is a revolver capable of firing six shots before reloading. The Texas towns of Harlingen, Hempstead, Kenedy, and Waco have all claimed to be known as “Six Shooter Junction” at some point in their histories. The term is largely of historical interest today, to promote a “Wild West” past. “Six shooter junction” first appears in print in the 1920s.


Wikipedia: Hempstead, Texas
Hempstead is a city in Waller County, Texas, United States. The population was 4,691 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Waller CountyGR6.
(...)
History
Hempstead was established as a railroad center in 1856 and incorporated as a town two years later. The town became the seat of Waller County in 1873 as the town grew as a processor of cotton. By the turn of the 20th century, the town’s economy switched from cotton to shipping. Because of violent disputes between different groups, including the Ku Klux Klan, Hempstead became one of several Texas towns known as Six-Shooter Junction.

Wikipedia: Harlingen, Texas
Harlingen is a city in Cameron County in the heart of the Rio Grande Valley of south Texas, United States. The city covers more than 34 sq mi (88 km²) and is the second largest city in Cameron County and the third largest in the Rio Grande Valley after Brownsville and McAllen. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 57,564. The 2005 U.S. Census estimate shows Harlingen had a population of approximately 66,498.

Wikipedia: Kenedy, Texas
Kenedy is a city in Karnes County, Texas, United States, named for Mifflin Kenedy. The population was 3,487 at the 2000 census.

Wikipedia: Waco, Texas
Waco (pronounced /ˈweɪkoʊ/) is a city in and the county seat of McLennan County, Texas, Texas. The city has a 2005 estimated total population of 120,465. It is the 26th largest city by population in Texas, and 195th in the US. The Waco MSA consists of McLennan County and has a population of 226,189. It is served by Waco Regional Airport.

Waco (TX) Police Department
Six-Shooter Junction and the Red Light District
By the 1890’s, Waco had come to be known as “Six-Shooter Junction” because of the number of famous gunfights that took place in the downtown area. It was also in 1890 that the City of Waco passed laws creating the first legal, licensed “red light district” in the State of Texas.

(Oxford English Dictionary)
six-shooter
A revolver capable of firing six shots without reloading; a six-chambered revolver. Also fig.
1844 (Illinois) Neighbor 24 July 3/1 Joseph..opening the door..discharged one barrel of a six shooter (Pistol) in the entry.
1856 KANE Arct. Expl. II. xxv. 250 The imaginary powers of the angekok-soak and the marvellous six-shooter which attested them.
1865 LOWELL Wks. (1890) V. 267 Every senator seems to carry..a sort of legislative six-shooter.

2 December 1923, San Antonio (TX) Express, pg. A3, col. 6:
About Harlingen.
(...) A saloon on the west side of the track nearby was the chief congregation point of the little town. Many tough characters found their way thither and many fights and brawls occurred with frequent shootings which often proved fatal. This is why the town has been called the dub name of “Six Shooter Junction.”

14 September 1924, San Antonio (TX) Light, part 2, pg. 5, col. 1:
HARLINGEN, Tex., Sept. 13.—“Six Shooter Junction” in 1911; “The Gateway to the Valley in 1924.

20 December 1933, Vidette-Messenger (Valparaiso, IN), “Town Can’t Live Down ‘Six Shooter Junction’ Soubriquet,” pg. 1, cols. 2-7:
HEMPSTEAD, Tex., Dec. 20.—(UP)—Hempstead cannot outlive the face it achieved when it was known by its soubriquet of “Six Shooter Junction” and at the same time knew the cosmopolitan air of a European sculptoress.

Google Books
Texas: A Guide to the Lone Star State
by the Writers’ Program of the Works Progress Administration of Texas
New York, NY: Hastings House
1940
Pg. 514:
In early days Harlingen was the home station of a company of Texas Rangers, and the presence of armed Rangers and United States customs and immigration inspectors on the streets and at the railroad station earned the town the name of Six-shooter Junction.

(OCLC WorldCat record)
Title: Lillie of Six-Shooter Junction;
the amazing story of Lillie Drennan and Hempstead, Texas,
Author(s): Bruce, Florence Guild, 1899-
Publication: San Antonio, Tex., Naylor Co.
Year: 1946

(OCLC WorldCat record)
Title: Harlingen golden anniversary celebration, April 24-30;
official program.
Author(s): McKenna, Verna Jackson. 
Publication: [Harlingen? Tex.,
Year: 1960
Description: 1 v. (unpaged) illus. 29 cm.
Language: English
Standard No: LCCN: 74-151121
SUBJECT(S)
Geographic: Harlingen (Tex.)—History. 
Note(s): Cover title./ At head of title: Memories on parade--the saga of Six-shooter Junction./ “The history of Harlingen in this book was compiled, written, and edited by Verna Jackson McKenna.”

6 April 1962, Corpus Christi (TX) Times, “Six Shooter Junction - The Kenedy Version” by Ed Syers, pg. 2B, col. 1:
So far as is known by genial and lore-minded South Texan Bill Chesnutt, editor of the Kenedy Advance, at least three Texas towns claim the title of “Six Shooter Junction.”

“I know of Hempstead and Harlingen,” says Chesnutt. “Kenedy’s the real one.”

(OCLC WorldCat record)
Title: A history of early Waco with allusions to Six Shooter Junction,
Author(s): Curry, William H. 
Publication: [Waco, Printed by Texan Press,
Year: 1968

(Trademark)
Word Mark SIX SHOOTER JUNCTION
Goods and Services (CANCELLED) IC 042. US 100 101. G & S: restaurant and bar services. FIRST USE: 19970801. FIRST USE IN COMMERCE: 19970801
Mark Drawing Code (1) TYPED DRAWING
Serial Number 75269447
Filing Date April 4, 1997
Current Filing Basis 1A
Original Filing Basis 1B
Published for Opposition February 24, 1998
Registration Number 2235047
Registration Date March 23, 1999
Owner (REGISTRANT) Johnson-Dillard Incorporated CORPORATION TEXAS P.O. Box 71 Waco TEXAS 76703
Attorney of Record GALE R PETERSON
Type of Mark SERVICE MARK
Register PRINCIPAL
Live/Dead Indicator DEAD
Cancellation Date December 31, 2005

Posted by Barry Popik
Texas (Lone Star State Dictionary) • (0) Comments • Sunday, December 30, 2007 • Permalink