A plaque remaining from the Big Apple Night Club at West 135th Street and Seventh Avenue in Harlem.

Above, a 1934 plaque from the Big Apple Night Club at West 135th Street and Seventh Avenue in Harlem. Discarded as trash in 2006.

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Entry from March 15, 2006
Corned Beef and Cabbage (Jiggs dinner)
"Corned beef and cabbage" is a popular Irish dinner, and it's often served on St. Patrick's Day. In 1925, "corned beef and cabbage" was voted to be the favorite dish of New York City.

"Corned beef and cabbage" was popularized by the character "Jiggs' in the comic strip "Bringing Up Father" by George McManus. The comic strip ran in the New York World and in other newspapers, from 1913. McManus died in 1954.

New York City's love affair with "corned beef and cabbage" has waned in recent years, but the dish has been served here since at least 1840.

All-American Irish classic
Corned beef & cabbage first paired up in N.Y.

If you think of corned beef and cabbage as Ireland's unofficial national dish, you may be surprised to hear that many on the Emerald Isle have never tasted it. They eat their cabbage with bacon (actually, it's a kind of ham).

The classic corned beef and cabbage combo probably got its start here more than a century ago, when Irish immigrants shopped at Jewish butcher shops, says Brendan Keenan, chef/instructor at the Art Institute of New York City.

"Since they shopped at Jewish butchers on the lower East Side, they bought corned beef as a substitute for the cured pork, or bacon, that they were used to buying in Ireland," says Keenan. "Cabbage, of course, grows well in warm, hot or cold weather, and it's available for most of the year, so they could continue to eat this with the meat."

Corned beef also became popular in the U.S. in the late 19th century because many new immigrants lived in poor neighborhoods without modern ways to preserve food, says Margaret Johnson, author of "The New Irish Table" (Chronicle Books, $24.95). "They used a brine made with kosher salt to preserve meat," she says. "Before long, they were making corned beef."
Originally published on March 12, 2003

December 1834, Tennessee Farmer, "Curing Beef" from the Southern Planter, pg. 13:
To any taste uncorrupted by wretched habits, the "corned beef and cabbage," of the North, will be found a most agreeable change.

29 February 1840, The New-York Mirror, pg. 287:
The New-Yorkers are a peculiar people,...
The kitchen I examined very closely, and when the cook's back as turned, lifted the lid from the kettle, and discovered there was nothing preparing for dinner but corned beef and cabbage.

14 March 1840, The New-York Mirror, pg. 300:
I smelt corned beef and cabbage for dinner.

18 April 1842, Brooklyn Daily Eagle, pg. 2:
...found nothing on the table but corn beef and cabbage
15 December 1849, Scientific American, pg. 97:
Corned Beef and Cabbage
The Edinburgh Review says that cabbage contains more muscle sustaining nutriment than any other vegetable whatever. Boiled cabbage and corned beef make fifty-two as good dinners in twelve months as a man can eat.

20 June 1850, Brooklyn Daily Eagle, pg. 3:
...with half cooked corned beef and cabbage, par-boiled potatoes, &c.
December 1853, Peterson's Magazine, pg. 267:
And here I must digress a moment to ask if any of my readers likes corned beef and cabbage?

15 June 1925, Washington Post, "Corned Beef Favorite Dinner in New York," pg. 1:
New York, June 14 (by A. P.).-- Corned beef and cabbage is the favorite dinner dish of most New Yorkers, if the poll just completed by the United Restaurant Owners association gave an accurate picture of the metropolitan appetite.

Of the 180,000 votes cast, "Red Mike and Violets," as the succulent dish is known in less ornate caravansaries, led with more than 23,000. Second on the list of preferences was "vegetable dinner," with 18,549, while third place went to veal cutlet and fourth to Long Island duckling.

15 June 1925, Washington Post, pg. 1:
With the discover that corned beef and cabbage is the favorite dinner dish in New York what's delaying the enemies of Mayor Hylan putting up the name of Mr. Jiggs?

19 April 1929, Los Angeles Times, pg. A8:
Jiggs's meal did not consist of corned beef and cabbage.

12 November 1929, Chicago Daily Tribune, pg. 18:
Mr. McManus himself tells how he created the immortal "Mr. Jiggs", glorified corned beef and cabbage, and made a million dollars -- for someone else.

24 January 1940, Waukesha (WI) Freeman, pg. 3?, col 3:
"Jiggs" -- corned beef and cabbage.

18 April 1949, New York Times, pg. 30 ad:
Corned beef and cabbage was hardly a popular dish on American menus...until Jiggs began to indicate his joy in it.

Today, in every state in the Union, in every economic class, in Park Avenue dining salons and in Main Street lunch counters, corned beef and cabbage is ordered and enjoyed by millions.

Jiggs and Maggie and all the other beloved characters in Puck, The Comic Weekly are part of the very lives of millions of Americans.

23 October 1954, New York Times, pg. 15:
George McManus Is Dead at 70;
Cartoonist Created Jiggs Family

Associate of Hearst for 41
Years Was the "Prototype"
for Comic Character

SANTA MONICA, Calif., Oct. 22 (AP) -- George McManus, creator of the comic strip character Jiggs, died tonight. He was 70 years old. His physician said Mr. McManus had been suffering from hepatitis, an infection of the liver.

Strip Appeared for 41 Years

George McManus' "Bringing Up Father," in which the comic characters Jiggs and Maggie have disported themselves regularly for more than forty-one years, is printed in some 750 newspapers throughout the world and translated into twenty-seven languages.
Jiggs, the red-haired rowdy from the wrong side of the tracks, forced by Maggie into a topper and tails and life among the elite, rebels continuously and returns to the scenes of his former life, the corned beef and cabbage, beer and gusty companions of his youth.

17 March 1977, Chicago Tribune, "The learnin' O'...the green -- a St. Pat's primer" by Jim Gallagher, pg. A1:
In Ireland, St. Patrick's Day is considered a holy day, not a holiday, and it is commemorated at mass, not on Main Street. Families often gather around the table for a supper of boiled ham and potatoes, and there might be some step-dancing and sporting of shamrocks.

But you won't find anyone eating corned beef and cabbage. That salty favorite of Jiggs' in the comic strips is strictly an Irish-American specialty. And public celebrations do not occur. Until recently the pubs were closed by law, and now they're only open for a few hours, just on Sunday.
Posted by Barry Popik
Food/Drink • (1) Comments • Wednesday, March 15, 2006 • Permalink

Also the pastimes of Lord Nityananda are glorified throughout Shri Chaitanya-bhagavata. So by repeated reading of Chaitanya-bhagavata one developes firm faith in Lord Nityananda, the original spiritual master. By His mercy alone can we even think of purifying our hearts and approaching Shri Shri Radha & Krishna in Vrindavana. This is reason why Shrila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura has recommended the repeated reading of this book for the common man and it is supported by Shrila Prabhupada who states that it is aid for the common man to quickly understand Krishna.

samsarera para hai’ bhaktira sagare, ye dubibe, se bhajuka nitai-candere

Those who wish to cross the ocean of material existence and drown in the ocean of devotional service should worship Lord Nityananda.(CB Adi 1.77)

Q.  Shrila Bhaktisiddhanta introduced this book to one and all because because he was basically preaching in Bengal & Orissa where people were quite pious and could understand Bengali very easily.  Is it proper for us to do so now for all over the world?

A.  Yes it is most appropriate to distribute this book all over the world. If you read this whole compilation carefully, the answers are already there. First of all Shrila Bhaktisiddhanta did not advocate this book for Bengali & Oriyas. O.B.L. Kapoor, being a learned scholar from Allahabad, the Hindi speaking part of India, was instructed by Sarasvati Thakura to learn Bengali, so as he could study the original Bengali texts of the Chaitanya Bhagavata and the Chaitanya-charitamrita, etc. Sarasvati Thakura also liked other Gaudiya Math members who were also learned and non-Bengalis, to learn Bengali for this reason. So he wanted everyone to read this books with their original Bengali verses.

Secondly Shrila Prabhupada says that reading Shri Chaitanya-bhagavata will be a great aid for the common man in general to easily understand Krishna not only for the Bengalis & Oriyas.

And thirdly, Krishnadas Kaviraja Goswami described in Chaitanya-charitamrita Adi 6.38:

‘chaitanya-mangala’ shune yadi pashandi, yavana
seha maha-vaishnava haya tatakshana

If even a great atheist hears Shri Chaitanya-mangala (previous name for Shri Chaitanya-bhagavata), he immediately becomes a great devotee.

So all the great atheists which comprise of 99.99% of the world’s population can become maha-vaishnavas if they get the supreme good fortune of reading this book. Thus in my personal opinion, when this book is published and distributed in mass quantities all over the world, it will break open the gates of the flood of the love of Godhead brought by Lord Chaitanya and His associates and will hasten the advent of the predicted Golden Age in all its glory.

Q.  Is there any chance of misunderstanding Lord Chaitanya by reading Shri Chaitanya-bhagavata like for example the 13 sahajiya sects?

A.  Absolutely no.  There is no way that one can misinterpret Shri Chaitanya-bhagavata. Anyone who reads Shri Chaitanya-bhagavata will undoubtedly attain the pure, unadulterated, loving devotional service unto Lord Chaitanya. This is confirmed in the Gaudiya Bhasya of Shrila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura:

radha-bhave nija-bhranti, suvalita radha-kanti,
audarye madhurya aprakasha
audarye madhurya-bhrama, na karibe tahe shrama,
bale prabhu-vrindavana-dasa

Being absorbed in the mood of Radha, Krishna forgets Himself and exhibits Her dazzling complexion. The conjugal pastimes of the Lord are not manifest in His magnanimous pastimes. Vrindavana dasa Thakura teaches us that one should not labor hard to find the conjugal pastimes of the Lord in His magnanimous pastimes.

The sahajiyas didn’t like the Chaitanya Bhagavata, and called it a dry book. They like Chaitanya Charitamrita, Shrimad Bhagavatam, etc., because they deal with Radha Krishna lila, but Sarasvati Thakura published Chaitanya Bhagavata - Chaitanya lila. At that time Chaitanya Bhagavata was very rare in India. (From Bhakti Vikasa Swami’s notes on Shrila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura)

Posted by N  on  08/17  at  12:27 PM

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