A plaque remaining from the Big Apple Night Club at West 135th Street and Seventh Avenue in Harlem.

Above, a 1934 plaque from the Big Apple Night Club at West 135th Street and Seventh Avenue in Harlem. Discarded as trash in 2006.

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Entry from August 04, 2006
Kolache (Czech pastry)

The “kolache” (there are various other spellings for it) is a Czech pastry that somehow found its way deep into the heart of Texas (with its German-Czech immigrants from as far back as the 1840s). A kolache with a sausage in it is called a “klobasnek/klobasnik.”


Wikipedia: Kolache
Kolache (also spelled kolace, kolach, or kolacky, from the Czech and Slovak plural koláče) are a type of pastry consisting of fillings ranging from fruits to cheeses inside a bread roll. Originally only a sweet dessert from Central Europe, they have become popular in parts of the United States. Several cities, including Prague, Oklahoma, and Caldwell, Texas, hold annual Kolache Festival celebrations, while Montgomery, Minnesota, claims to be the “Kolacky capital of the world” and holds an annual festival known as “Kolacky Days”. Verdigre, Nebraska, stakes the same claim, with a similarly-named festival. Prague, Nebraska, is commonly known as the home of the world’s largest kolache. Fayetteville, Texas, claims the title of “Kolache capital of Texas.” Crosby, Texas, also has a yearly Czech festival. St. Ludmila’s Catholic Church in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, hosts it annual Kolache Festival the first full weekend in June every year and makes over 600 dozen kolaches to sell at its annual event.

It was the sweet chosen to represent the Czech Republic in the Café Europe initiative of the Austrian presidency of the European Union, on Europe Day 2006.

In Texas and Oklahoma, several restaurants and bakeries specialize in kolache; popular areas in central Texas include the communities of West, Weimar, and Schulenburg, as well as the Nebraska town of Wilber, which have large Czech populations (see the Czech Stop and Kountry Bakery links below). These restaurants and bakeries now sell varieties for all meals of the day and include versions such as Philly cheesesteak, ranchero, and chocolate cream cheese. The Bluebonnet City of Ennis has celebrated the Polka Festival (see National Polka Festival link below) since 1966, with a weekend of parade, street dancing and dinner/dances at the fraternal Czech halls. Kolaches are sold on the street and in the local Czech bakery (see Kolache Depot Bakery link below). The official “Czech Capital of the United States,” Wilber Nebraska holds the annual Wilber Czech days, during which several thousand kolaches are sold by various town groups and businesses.

A related dish is a klobasnek, which often uses similar bread but is filled with a piece of sausage. These are sometimes mistakenly referred to as kolaches. They may also contain ham and cheese, sausage, jalapeño slices, and more resemble a “pig in a blanket” than the original pastry. There is also a sweet and flakey filled pastry with Polish origins called the Kolachky.

(Oxford English Dictionary)
kolach
Also kolache, kolachi, kolachy. Pl. kolache (klti), kolaches. [ad. Czech kolá, f. kolo wheel, circle.]
A small tart or pie popular in Czechoslovakia, topped or filled with a sweet mixture, preserve, etc.
1918 W. CATHER My Antonia (1926) V. i. 381 ‘Show him the spiced plums, mother. Americans don’t have those,’ said one of the older boys. ‘Mother uses them to make kolaches,’ he added. 1947 M. GIVEN Mod. Encycl. Cooking I. 528 (heading) Fillings for kolachy.
1953 A. HEATH Internat. Cookery Bk. 187 Cover the kolach with it [sc. pastry]..and bake in a hot oven.
1961 H WATNEY tr. Bízová’s Cooking Czech Way 143 Kolache (flat fruit buns) and filled rolls made from yeast dough are typically Czech.
1967 MRS. L. B. JOHNSON White House Diary 7 July (1970) 545 For dessert a typical specialty of the area‘kolaches’, a rich pastry that has a center of dried apricots or prunes.

The Chicago Record Cook Book
Published by the Chicago Record
1896 (handwritten date—ed.)
Biscuit—Stuffed (Bohemian Kolace)...181

26 August 1990, New York Times, “Move Over, Tex-Mex, It’s Tex Czech” by Sharon Voros, pg. XX20:
In the 1840’s the state became home to the first group of immigrants from what is know Czechoslovakia. During the last half of the 1880’s more than 250 such communities sprang up in the four-county area between Dallas and Austin, and today Texas has the largest rural Czechoslovak population in the United States.
(...)
Bakeries are a major attraction for visitors, manyh of whom drive from Dallas or Austin to pick up a few dozen kolaches, which are soft, round buns filled with fruit jame, or some buchtas, jellyroll style coffee cakes filled with fruit, nuts or sweet poppy seed paste. Generally, kolaches cost between 30 and 50 cents.

At the Village Bakery on East Oak, visitors can sample 11 varieties of kolache made from an 1879 recipe brought to Texas by the owner’s grandmother. Billing itself as the first Czechoslovak bakery in Texas, the Village Bakery also claims to have introduced to the state the sausage klobasniki, a kind of pig-in-a-blanket, Klobasniki are available in smoked and Texas-style spicy version.

On Main Street, Kolacek’s Kolace Kitchen offers a wide selection of fruit pies in addition to the basic kolaches, buchtas and kloasniki. The shop also offers a Tex-Czech specialty called the Bohemian sandwich, a melange of salami, bologna, ham and American and jalapeno cheese baked inside a kolache dough, all for $3.

21 April 2003, New York Times, “Fredericksburg Journal: In a Small Texas Town, They Keep the Eastern Fires Burning” by Michael Brick, pg. A17:
Along roads all around the state, there are still plenty of shops selling kolache, a German pastry, and meat markets with more sauerbraten than barbecue.

Welcome to Burleson County
Come be Czech for a day! 22nd Annual
Kolache Festival - Saturday, September 9, 2006
The Kolache Festival is a celebration of the revitalization of Czech heritage… a county that was basically a Czech settlement realized their precious identity was slipping away. New generations knew not the language, the music or the art of their ancestors. Not only do we grasp at the past, but we hurry to share the history...to bring into today’s focus the beauty, talent, and delight of the Czech people.

Come to the Kolache Festival and learn the wonderful Czech philosophy. See the technique of stenciling, basket weaving, egg decorating, quilting, woodcraft, carving, sculpturing. Dance to the polka, and sing the songs of the musician. Taste the true ethnic food and lend your soul to the fulfillment of the Czech cultural heritage.

(Trademark)
Word Mark KOLACHE FESTIVAL
Goods and Services IC 041. US 100 101 107. G & S: Annual Kolache Festival event with promotional merchandise (i;e; t-shirts, caps, mugs, bags, vases, koozies, stickers, pens, jackets, fans, posters, and brochures). FIRST USE: 19850901. FIRST USE IN COMMERCE: 19850901
Standard Characters Claimed
Mark Drawing Code (4) STANDARD CHARACTER MARK
Design Search Code
Serial Number 78682350
Filing Date August 1, 2005
Current Filing Basis 1A
Original Filing Basis 1A
Owner (APPLICANT) Burleson County Chamber of Commerce Brenda Van De Walle-President (USA), Robert Collins-Chairman (USA), Jerry Lickman-Chair Elect(USA),Brenda Boedecker-Treasurer (USA), Amanda Flencher-Vice Chair (USA), Dalinda Davis-Vice Chair (USA), Melanie Becka-Secretary (USA) NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATION TEXAS 212A W. Buck Street Caldwell TEXAS 77836
Type of Mark SERVICE MARK
Register PRINCIPAL
Live/Dead Indicator LIVE

(Trademark)
Word Mark KOLACHE FACTORY
Goods and Services (ABANDONED) IC 030. US 046. G & S: Kolaches, bakery goods. FIRST USE: 19870900. FIRST USE IN COMMERCE: 19870901
Mark Drawing Code (3) DESIGN PLUS WORDS, LETTERS, AND/OR NUMBERS
Design Search Code 11.01.05 - Pins, rolling; Rolling pins; Tongs (kitchen utensils)
Serial Number 74214305
Filing Date October 21, 1991
Current Filing Basis 1A
Original Filing Basis 1A
Owner (APPLICANT) Kolache Factory, Inc. CORPORATION TEXAS 1011 Hwy 6 South, #208 Houston TEXAS 77077
Type of Mark TRADEMARK
Register PRINCIPAL
Live/Dead Indicator DEAD
Abandonment Date August 17, 1992

(Trademark)
Word Mark MORNINGS KOLACHES
Goods and Services IC 042. US 100 101. G & S: retail bakery shops. FIRST USE: 19911200. FIRST USE IN COMMERCE: 19911200
Mark Drawing Code (1) TYPED DRAWING
Design Search Code
Serial Number 74661817
Filing Date April 17, 1995
Current Filing Basis 1A
Original Filing Basis 1A
Published for Opposition December 26, 1995
Registration Number 1963299
Registration Date March 19, 1996
Owner (REGISTRANT) MORNINGS KOLACHES composed of Alejandro Salazar, Oscar Salazar, Jr. and Edward Salazar, all U.S. citizens PARTNERSHIP TEXAS 2402-H Bay Area Blvd. Houston TEXAS 77058
Assignment Recorded ASSIGNMENT RECORDED
Attorney of Record John S. Egbert
Disclaimer NO CLAIM IS MADE TO THE EXCLUSIVE RIGHT TO USE “KOLACHES” APART FROM THE MARK AS SHOWN
Type of Mark SERVICE MARK
Register PRINCIPAL
Affidavit Text SECT 15. SECT 8 (6-YR). SECTION 8(10-YR) 20050818.
Renewal 1ST RENEWAL 20050818
Live/Dead Indicator LIVE

(Trademark)
Word Mark STUCK ON KOLACHES
Goods and Services IC 035. US 100 101 102. G & S: retail bakery shop specializing in kolaches
Standard Characters Claimed
Mark Drawing Code (4) STANDARD CHARACTER MARK
Design Search Code
Serial Number 76569163
Filing Date December 15, 2003
Current Filing Basis 1B
Original Filing Basis 1B
Published for Opposition October 5, 2004
Owner (APPLICANT) Fruhstucks CORPORATION TEXAS 2302 Champion Drive Pearland TEXAS 77571
Attorney of Record G. Alan Witte
Disclaimer NO CLAIM IS MADE TO THE EXCLUSIVE RIGHT TO USE “KOLACHES” APART FROM THE MARK AS SHOWN
Type of Mark SERVICE MARK
Register PRINCIPAL
Live/Dead Indicator LIVE

(Trademark)
Word Mark KOLACHE DEPOT BAKERY
Goods and Services IC 043. US 100 101. G & S: restaurants
Mark Drawing Code (3) DESIGN PLUS WORDS, LETTERS, AND/OR NUMBERS
Design Search Code 02.01.20 - Aprons (men wearing); Bakers (men); Butchers (men); Chefs (men); Men, butchers, chefs, bakers, merchants, men wearing aprons, or other store clerks; Merchants (men); Store clerks (men)
02.01.31 - Men, stylized, including men depicted in caricature form
09.05.06 - Chef’s Hat
26.03.01 - Ovals as carriers and single line borders
Serial Number 78539727
Filing Date December 29, 2004
Current Filing Basis 1B
Original Filing Basis 1B
Published for Opposition October 11, 2005
Owner (APPLICANT) Kolache Depot Bakery, Inc. CORPORATION TEXAS 2930 Justin Rd. Ste 400 Highland Village TEXAS 75077
Disclaimer NO CLAIM IS MADE TO THE EXCLUSIVE RIGHT TO USE KOLACHE BAKERY APART FROM THE MARK AS SHOWN
Description of Mark The colors red and green and gold are claimed as features of the mark. The red appears in the baker, the oval design is gold and the lettering is green.
Type of Mark SERVICE MARK
Register PRINCIPAL
Live/Dead Indicator LIVE

Posted by Barry Popik
Texas (Lone Star State Dictionary) • (0) Comments • Friday, August 04, 2006 • Permalink