A plaque remaining from the Big Apple Night Club at West 135th Street and Seventh Avenue in Harlem.

Above, a 1934 plaque from the Big Apple Night Club at West 135th Street and Seventh Avenue in Harlem. Discarded as trash in 2006. Now a Popeye's fast food restaurant on Google Maps.

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Entry from March 19, 2013
“Peace through strength”

"Peace through strength” is said, in the Wikipedia entry, to date back to Roman times. However, English language citations of the saying are almost nonexistent until the 1930s. Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Neville Chamberlain (1869-1940) gave several “peace through strength” speeches in 1938 and 1939. The saying means that military preparedness prevents a country from being attacked and ensures peace.

Republican presidental candidate Barry Goldwater (1909-1998) used “peace through strength” in the 1964 campaign. Ronald Reagan used “peace through strength” in his 1980 presidential platform and made a speech on “Building peace through strength” in August 1983.

The American Security Council Foundation trademarked “Peace Through Strength” and claims a first use on January 10, 1959.

Wikipedia: Peace through strength
“Peace through strength” is an ancient phrase and concept implying that strength of arms is a necessary component of peace. The phrase is quite old; it has famously been used by many leaders from Roman Emperor Hadrian in the first century AD, to Ronald Reagan in the 1980s. The concept has long been associated with Realpolitik. In 2011, the American Security Council Foundation, a small non-profit conservative organization chaired by a dentist in Sebastian, Florida, claimed a trademark of the phrase.

The phrase and concept date to ancient times. Roman Emperor Hadrian (76-138 AD) said that he sought “peace through strength, or failing that peace through threat.” Hadrian’s Wall was a symbol of this policy.

“Peace Through Strength” is the title of a book about a defense plan by Bernard Baruch, a former World War II adviser to President Franklin D. Roosevelt, published by Farrar, Straus and Young in 1952. During the 1964 American Presidential campaign, the Republican party spent about five million dollars on “peace through strength” TV spots. For supporters of the MX missile in the 1970s, the missile symbolized “peace through strength.”

1 July 1916, Idaho Statesman (Boise, ID), editorial, pg. 4, col. 1:
When a thousand of our soldier lads were marching along Main street the greeting our people gave them was not only a tribute to the flag and to the uniform of our country’s army. It was personal.

18 April 1935, Indiana (PA) Evening Gazette, pg. 2, col. 5:
ROME, April 18. (INS).—A policy of “peace through strength” was pronounced by Premier Mussolini today in greeting 2,000 former French soldiers gathered at the Palazzo Venezi.

Google News Archive
27 October 1938, Glasgow (Scotland) Herald, pg. 12, col. 5:
“Peace through strength” should be the national motto for the next few years.

23 February 1939, Augusta (GA) Chronicle, pg. 8, col. 2:
He (Neville Chamberlain—ed.) defined his own foreign policy as “a policy of peace through strength which will neglect no opportunity of breaking down suspicions and antagonisms and at the same time will build up steadily and resolutely, with the help of our friends within and without the empire, a strength so formidable as to maintain our rights and liberties against any who might be rash enough to attack them.”

OCLC WorldCat record
The Prime Minister’s Great Speech. (Peace through Strength. Mr. Chamberlain’s great speech delivered ... at the Royal Albert Hall ... May 11th, 1939.).
Author: Neville Chamberlain
Publisher: St. Clements Press: [London, 1939]
Series: National Union of Conservative and Unionist Associations. no. 3732.
Edition/Format: Book : English

OCLC WorldCat record
Peace through strength ; Bernard Baruch and a blueprint for security.
Author: Morris Victor Rosenbloom
Publisher: Washington : American Surveys in association with Farrar, Straus and Young, New York, 1952.
Edition/Format: Book : English

15 September 1964, Omaha (NE) World-Herald, “Goldwater ‘Preoccupied With Peace,’ Not With War.” pg. 15, col. 1:
WASHINGTON (UPI)—Republican Presidential Nominee Barry M. Goldwater said Monday he is “preoccupied with peace,” not with war as some of his critics contend.

The Arizona went on television to promise that, if elected, he would seek “peace through strength.”

OCLC WorldCat record
Building peace through strength : August 23, 1983
Author: Ronald Reagan; United States. President (1981-1989 : Reagan); United States. Dept. of State. Office of Public Communication. Editorial Division.
Publisher: Washington, D.C. : U.S. Dept. of State, Bureau of Public Affairs, Office of Public Communication, Editorial Division, [1983]
Series: United States.; Dept. of State.; Bureau of Public Affairs.; Current policy
Edition/Format: Book : National government publication : English

OCLC WorldCat record
Peace through strength : America’s enduring challenge
Author: Caspar W Weinberger; David M. Kennedy Center for International Studies.
Publisher: Provo, Utah : Brigham Young University, David M. Kennedy Center for International Studies, 1985.
Series: David M. Kennedy Center for International Studies.; Occasional papers
Edition/Format: Book : English

OCLC WorldCat record
Peace through strength : the official U.S. Navy publication for the commissioning of USS RONALD REAGAN.
Publisher: Tampa, Fla. : Faircount, ©2003.
Edition/Format: Book : English

Goods and Services IC 041. US 100 101 107. G & S: Education services, namely, providing programs in the field of critical challenges to U.S. foreign policy, National Security and the Global economy. FIRST USE: 19580501. FIRST USE IN COMMERCE: 19590110
Standard Characters Claimed
Serial Number 85061044
Filing Date June 11, 2010
Current Basis 1A
Original Filing Basis 1B
Published for Opposition November 9, 2010
Registration Number 3942239
Registration Date April 5, 2011
Owner (REGISTRANT) American Security Council Foundation CORPORATION ILLINOIS P.O. Box 781040 Sebastian FLORIDA 32978
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Posted by Barry Popik
New York CityGovernment/Law/Military/Religion /Health • Tuesday, March 19, 2013 • Permalink