A plaque remaining from the Big Apple Night Club at West 135th Street and Seventh Avenue in Harlem.

Above, a 1934 plaque from the Big Apple Night Club at West 135th Street and Seventh Avenue in Harlem. Discarded as trash in 2006.

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Entry from March 04, 2018
Second Line; Second Liner; Second Lining

Entry in progress—B.P.

Wikipedia: Second line (parades)
Second line is a tradition in brass band parades in New Orleans, Louisiana, United States. The “main line” or “first line” is the main section of the parade, or the members of the actual club with the parading permit as well as the brass band. Those who follow the band just to enjoy the music are called the “second line.” The second line’s style of traditional dance, in which participants walk and sometimes twirl a parasol or handkerchief in the air, is called “second lining.” It has been called “the quintessential New Orleans art form – a jazz funeral without a body.” Another significant difference from jazz funerals is that second line parades usually lack the slow hymns and dirges played at funerals (although this is not a hard rule; some organizations may have the band play something solemn towards the start of the parade in memory of members who died since their last parade).

(Oxford English Dictionary)
second line n. Mil. (see quot. 1876); also attrib.; also gen., any second row or series; frequently attrib. or as adj., esp. designating persons or things that rank second in ability, value, etc.
1797 Encycl. Brit. XVIII. 738/1 The first line ought to consist of 20 battalions, with..16 battalions in the second line.
1876 G. E. Voyle & G. de Saint-Clair-Stevenson Mil. Dict. (ed. 3) 231 An army, when drawn up for battle, should be formed in three distinct lines; the first line to commence the battle, the second, to support it, and to fill up the gaps; the third..as a reserve.
1904 Westm. Gaz. 17 May 9/1 The main body of the investing force will be composed of fortress and second-line troops.
1912 C. Mackenzie Carnival (ed. 5) iv. 43 Lilli Vergoe, a second-line girl in the Corps de Ballet of the Orient Palace of Varieties.
1939 Russell & Smith in Ramsey & Smith Jazzmen 27 The funerals and parades always had a ‘second line’ which consisted of the kids who danced along behind.
1955 N. Shapiro & N. Hentoff Hear me talkin’ to Ya iii. 39 I was a ‘second~line’ kid. That meant I’d follow the big bands down the streets, and..carry their cases while they played.

second-liner n.
1958 C. Wilford in P. Gammond Decca Bk. of Jazz ii. 40 The improvisations of master executants..preserved on record, for ready imitation by a host of second-liners.

second-lining n.
1972 Jazz & Blues Sept. 10/1 These ‘second liners’ wave handkerchiefs and umbrellas and..break into a dipping, funky-butt step—half shimmy, half strut—that is known as ‘second lining’.

Posted by Barry Popik
New York CityHolidays/Events/Parades • Sunday, March 04, 2018 • Permalink